Over 50 million hogs are raised annually in the United States for consumption, mostly on industrial hog operations (IHOs). Workers at IHOs are exposed to airborne particulates, zoonotic pathogens, and other workplace hazards, but lack of access to IHOs can hinder exposure assessment in epidemiologic studies. Here, we demonstrate the utility of pig-specific Bacteroidales (Pig-2-Bac) as a biomarker of exposure to pigs and pig waste and to help identify sources of Staphylococcus aureus carriage among IHO workers.
- Industrial hog operation
- Livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus
- Occupational exposure
- Pig-specific fecal Bacteroidales
- Quantitative polymerase chain reaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)