Phytohemagglutinin induced proliferation of guinea pig thymus derived lymphocytes. I. Accessory cell dependence

P. E. Lipsky, J. J. Ellner, A. S. Rosenthal

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The accessory cell requirement for mitogen induced T lymphocyte proliferation has been investigated by using a population of guinea pig lymph node lymphocytes enriched in T cells and markedly depleted of macrophages and B lymphocytes. We have found that effective phytohemagglutinin induced proliferation of T cells is dependent on the participation of accessory cells. Augmentation of PHA responsiveness was noted when cultural conditions were manipulated to increase cell density, suggesting that physical proximity between T cell and accessory cell is required for efficient triggering. Both syngeneic and allogeneic macrophages, as well as syngeneic fibroblasts, serve as accessory cells in this response whereas polymorphonuclear leukocytes or thymocytes do not. Thus, although PHA induced T lymphocyte proliferation requires accessory cells, the specificity of these cells is strikingly less stringent than for antigen mediated triggering of immune guinea pig T cells, a response which is dependent upon participation of syngeneic macrophages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)868-875
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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