Physical modeling and performance of spatial-spectral filters for CT material decomposition

Matthew Tivnan, Steven Tilley, Joseph Webster Stayman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Material decomposition for imaging multiple contrast agents in a single acquisition has been made possible by spectral CT: a modality which incorporates multiple photon energy spectral sensitivities into a single data collection. This work presents an investigation of a new approach to spectral CT which does not rely on energy-discriminating detectors or multiple x-ray sources. Instead, a tiled pattern of K-edge filters are placed in front of the x-ray to create spatially encoded spectra data. For improved sampling, the spatial-spectral filter is moved continuously with respect to the source. A model-based material decomposition algorithm is adopted to directly reconstruct multiple material densities from projection data that is sparse in each spectral channel. Physical effects associated with the x-ray focal spot size and motion blur for the moving filter are expected to impact overall performance. In this work, those physical effects are modeled and a performance analysis is conducted. Specifically, experiments are presented with simulated focal spot widths between 0.2 mm and 4.0 mm. Additionally, filter motion blur is simulated for a linear translation speeds between 50 mm/s and 450 mm/s. The performance differential between a 0.2 mm and a 1.0 mm focal spot is less than 15% suggesting feasibility of the approach with realistic x-ray tubes. Moreover, for reasonable filter actuation speeds, higher speeds are shown to decrease error (due to improved sampling) despite motion-based spectral blur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2019
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditorsHilde Bosmans, Guang-Hong Chen, Taly Gilat Schmidt
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625433
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventMedical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging - San Diego, United States
Duration: Feb 17 2019Feb 20 2019

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume10948
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period2/17/192/20/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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  • Cite this

    Tivnan, M., Tilley, S., & Stayman, J. W. (2019). Physical modeling and performance of spatial-spectral filters for CT material decomposition. In H. Bosmans, G-H. Chen, & T. G. Schmidt (Eds.), Medical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging [109481A] (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 10948). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2513481