Physical Inactivity: Prevalence and Associated Variables in Brazilian Adults

Pedro Curi Hallal, Cesar Gomes Victora, Jonathan Charles Kingdon Wells, Rosângela Costa Lima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To measure the prevalence of physical inactivity, and variables associated with it, in an adult southern Brazilian population. Methods: Population-based cross-sectional study covering a multiple-stage sample of 3182 subjects aged 20 yr or more. Physical activity was assessed through the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), using home interviews with last-week recall. The questionnaire covers leisure, occupation, transportation, and housework activities. Physical inactivity was defined as fewer than 150 min·wk-1 spent in moderate or vigorous physical activities. The time spent in vigorous activities was multiplied by two. Results: The prevalence of physical inactivity was 41.1%. After multivariate analyses, inactivity was positively associated with age and socioeconomic status, and inversely associated with self-reported health status. Those with white skin color and women who live alone rather than with a partner were more likely to have physical inactivity. Body mass index showed a significant U-shaped relationship with inactivity among men. Conclusion: The prevalence of physical inactivity in this Brazilian adult population is high, even though lower than reported in studies of leisure-time activity alone in other populations. Studies in developing countries may be seriously biased if activities during labor, transportation, and housework are not assessed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1894-1900
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume35
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Housekeeping
Leisure Activities
Exercise
Population
Skin Pigmentation
Occupations
Social Class
Developing Countries
Health Status
Body Mass Index
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Cross-sectional studies
  • Developing countries
  • Epidemiology
  • Exercise
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentarism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Physical Inactivity : Prevalence and Associated Variables in Brazilian Adults. / Hallal, Pedro Curi; Victora, Cesar Gomes; Wells, Jonathan Charles Kingdon; Lima, Rosângela Costa.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 35, No. 11, 11.2003, p. 1894-1900.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hallal, Pedro Curi ; Victora, Cesar Gomes ; Wells, Jonathan Charles Kingdon ; Lima, Rosângela Costa. / Physical Inactivity : Prevalence and Associated Variables in Brazilian Adults. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2003 ; Vol. 35, No. 11. pp. 1894-1900.
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