Physical activity restriction in age-related eye disease: A cross-sectional study exploring fear of falling as a potential mediator Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Angeline M. Nguyen, Karun S. Arora, Bonnielin K. Swenor, David S. Friedman, Pradeep Y. Ramulu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Fear of falling (FoF) is predictive of decreased physical activity. This study sought to determine if FoF mediates the relationship between decreased vision and physical activity restriction in individuals with glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Accelerometers were used to measure physical activity over 1 week in 59 control, 83 glaucoma, and 58 AMD subjects. Subjects completed the University of Illinois at Chicago Fear of Falling Questionnaire, and the extent of FoF was estimated using Rasch analysis. In negative binomial models adjusting for demographic, health, and social factors, FoF was investigated as a potential mediator between the severity of visual field (VF) loss (in glaucoma patients) or the severity of contrast sensitivity (CS) loss (in AMD patients) and decreased engagement in physical activity, defined as minutes spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day. Results: In multivariate negative binomial regression models, 5-decibels worse VF mean deviation was associated with 26 % less engagement in MVPA [rate ratio (RR)∈=∈0.74, p∈

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number64
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2015

Keywords

  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Fear of falling
  • Glaucoma
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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