Physical activity and survival among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white long-term breast cancer survivors and population-based controls

Christina M. Pinkston, Richard N. Baumgartner, Avonne E. Connor, Stephanie D. Boone, Kathy B. Baumgartner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: We investigated the association of physical activity with survival for 601 Hispanic women and 682 non-Hispanic white women who participated in the population-based breast cancer case-control New Mexico Women’s Health Study. Methods: We identified 240 deaths among cases diagnosed with a first primary invasive breast cancer between 1992 and 1994, and 88 deaths among controls. Follow-up extended through 2012 for cases and 2008 for controls. Multivariable hazard ratios (HRs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression. Results: Higher levels of total physical activity were inversely associated with all-cause mortality among Hispanic cases (Quartile (Q)4: HR = 0.55, 95 % CI 0.31–0.99). A non-significant trend was observed for recreational activity in Hispanic cases also (Q4: HR = 0.50, 95 % CI 0.23–1.09, p for trend = 0.08). No significant associations were noted for non-Hispanic white cases or for controls. Conclusions: The results suggest that increasing physical activity may be protective against mortality in Hispanic women with breast cancer, despite reporting lower levels of recreational activity than non-Hispanic white women or Hispanic controls. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Public health programs in Hispanic communities should promote physical activity in women as a means of decreasing breast cancer risk and improving survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)650-659
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Breast cancer survivor
  • Hispanic
  • Mortality
  • Physical activity
  • Survival analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)

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