Physical activity and physique anxiety in older adults

Fitness, and efficacy influences

E. McAuley, D. X. Marquez, G. J. Jerome, B. Blissmer, J. Katula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Employing a randomized controlled trial, this study documents the effects of six months of physical activity and six month follow-up on reduction in social physique anxiety (SPA) in older adults. In addition, the role played by changes in behavioral, physiological, and psychological predictors of changes in SPA were examined. Participants (n = 174, mean age = 65 yrs) were randomly assigned to one of two activity groups and engaged in a six-month structured exercise program. Measures of physique anxiety were taken at baseline, six and twelve months. Latent growth curve analyses revealed significant reductions in SPA over the course of the 12-month period. Structural analyses controlling for treatment condition indicated that improvements in self-efficacy and fitness were significant predictors of changes in SPA but that changes in body fat and exercise frequency did not contribute to variation in SPA. Overall this model accounted for 19% of the variation in SPA changes. The extent to which changes in SPA may contribute to continued physical activity participation in older adults and how exercise programs might effectively influence predictors of SPA are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-230
Number of pages9
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Self Efficacy
Adipose Tissue
Randomized Controlled Trials
Psychology
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Aging
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Physical activity and physique anxiety in older adults : Fitness, and efficacy influences. / McAuley, E.; Marquez, D. X.; Jerome, G. J.; Blissmer, B.; Katula, J.

In: Aging and Mental Health, Vol. 6, No. 3, 08.2002, p. 222-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McAuley, E. ; Marquez, D. X. ; Jerome, G. J. ; Blissmer, B. ; Katula, J. / Physical activity and physique anxiety in older adults : Fitness, and efficacy influences. In: Aging and Mental Health. 2002 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 222-230.
@article{ae38a1a5b466484fa825181916e256a0,
title = "Physical activity and physique anxiety in older adults: Fitness, and efficacy influences",
abstract = "Employing a randomized controlled trial, this study documents the effects of six months of physical activity and six month follow-up on reduction in social physique anxiety (SPA) in older adults. In addition, the role played by changes in behavioral, physiological, and psychological predictors of changes in SPA were examined. Participants (n = 174, mean age = 65 yrs) were randomly assigned to one of two activity groups and engaged in a six-month structured exercise program. Measures of physique anxiety were taken at baseline, six and twelve months. Latent growth curve analyses revealed significant reductions in SPA over the course of the 12-month period. Structural analyses controlling for treatment condition indicated that improvements in self-efficacy and fitness were significant predictors of changes in SPA but that changes in body fat and exercise frequency did not contribute to variation in SPA. Overall this model accounted for 19{\%} of the variation in SPA changes. The extent to which changes in SPA may contribute to continued physical activity participation in older adults and how exercise programs might effectively influence predictors of SPA are discussed.",
author = "E. McAuley and Marquez, {D. X.} and Jerome, {G. J.} and B. Blissmer and J. Katula",
year = "2002",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1080/13607860220142459",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "222--230",
journal = "Aging and Mental Health",
issn = "1360-7863",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical activity and physique anxiety in older adults

T2 - Fitness, and efficacy influences

AU - McAuley, E.

AU - Marquez, D. X.

AU - Jerome, G. J.

AU - Blissmer, B.

AU - Katula, J.

PY - 2002/8

Y1 - 2002/8

N2 - Employing a randomized controlled trial, this study documents the effects of six months of physical activity and six month follow-up on reduction in social physique anxiety (SPA) in older adults. In addition, the role played by changes in behavioral, physiological, and psychological predictors of changes in SPA were examined. Participants (n = 174, mean age = 65 yrs) were randomly assigned to one of two activity groups and engaged in a six-month structured exercise program. Measures of physique anxiety were taken at baseline, six and twelve months. Latent growth curve analyses revealed significant reductions in SPA over the course of the 12-month period. Structural analyses controlling for treatment condition indicated that improvements in self-efficacy and fitness were significant predictors of changes in SPA but that changes in body fat and exercise frequency did not contribute to variation in SPA. Overall this model accounted for 19% of the variation in SPA changes. The extent to which changes in SPA may contribute to continued physical activity participation in older adults and how exercise programs might effectively influence predictors of SPA are discussed.

AB - Employing a randomized controlled trial, this study documents the effects of six months of physical activity and six month follow-up on reduction in social physique anxiety (SPA) in older adults. In addition, the role played by changes in behavioral, physiological, and psychological predictors of changes in SPA were examined. Participants (n = 174, mean age = 65 yrs) were randomly assigned to one of two activity groups and engaged in a six-month structured exercise program. Measures of physique anxiety were taken at baseline, six and twelve months. Latent growth curve analyses revealed significant reductions in SPA over the course of the 12-month period. Structural analyses controlling for treatment condition indicated that improvements in self-efficacy and fitness were significant predictors of changes in SPA but that changes in body fat and exercise frequency did not contribute to variation in SPA. Overall this model accounted for 19% of the variation in SPA changes. The extent to which changes in SPA may contribute to continued physical activity participation in older adults and how exercise programs might effectively influence predictors of SPA are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036686601&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036686601&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13607860220142459

DO - 10.1080/13607860220142459

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 222

EP - 230

JO - Aging and Mental Health

JF - Aging and Mental Health

SN - 1360-7863

IS - 3

ER -