Phosphoinositide lipid metabolism and prostacyclin production are implicated in endothelium dependent vascular relaxation in large blood vessels. To determine if these biochemical pathways might be involved in the regulation of microvascular tone in the retina, we measured the formation of 6-keto-prostaglandin-F1α, the stable end product of prostacyclin, and inositol phosphates from 3H-labeled phosphoinositide lipids, in endothelial cells prepared from bovine retinal microvessels and maintained in long-term culture. We found that adenosine 5′-triphosphate and adenosine 5′-diphosphate both stimulated a dose-dependent accumulation of inositol phosphates and of 6-keto-prostaglandin-F1α in these cells. The agonist specificity of the responses, with stimulation by adenosine 5′-triphosphate and adenosine 5′-diphosphate, and inactivity of adenosine 5′-monophosphate and adenosine, suggest that they are mediated through P2 purinergic receptors. The similar early time courses of 6-keto-prostaglandin-F1α and inositol triphosphate production support the hypothesis that prostacyclin formation could result from the mobilization of intracellular calcium by inositol triphosphate, which activates phospholipase A, and thereby releases arachidonic acid to form prostacyclin. These findings point to a role for these cells in the regulation of normal retinal vascular tone. Because phosphoinositide lipid metabolism is altered in diabetes, dysfunction of these biochemical pathways in retinal endothelium could underlie the pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy.
- phosphoinositide lipid metabolism
- purinergic receptor
- retinal endothelium
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience