Phospho-T356RB1 predicts survival in HPV-negative squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck

Tim N. Beck, John Kaczmar, Elizabeth Handorf, Anna Nikonova, Cara Dubyk, Suraj Peri, Miriam Lango, John A. Ridge, Ilya G. Serebriiskii, Barbara Burtness, Erica A. Golemis, Ranee Mehra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) that is not associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) has a poor prognosis in contrast to HPV-positive disease. To better understand the importance of RB1 activity in HPV-negative SCCHN, we investigated the prognostic value of inhibitory CDK4/6 phosphorylation of RB1 on threonine 356 (T356) in archival HPV-negative tumor specimens from patients who underwent surgical resection and adjuvant radiation. We benchmarked pT356RB1 to total RB1, Ki67, pT202/Y204ERK1/2, and TP53, as quantified by automatic quantitative analysis (AQUA), and correlated protein expression with tumor stage and grade. High expression of pT356RB1 but not total RB1 predicted reduced overall survival (OS; P = 0.0295), indicating the potential relevance of post-translational phosphorylation. Paired analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data for regulators of this RB1 phosphorylation identified loss or truncating mutation of negative regulator CDKN2A (p16) and elevated expression of the CDK4/6 activator CCND1 (cyclin D) as also predicting poor survival. Given that CDK4/6 inhibitors have been most effective in the context of functional RB1 and low expression or deletion of p16 in other tumor types, these data suggest such agents may merit evaluation in HPV-negative SCCHN, specifically in cases associated with high pT356RB1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18863-18874
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume6
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • CDK4/6
  • E2F
  • Head and neck cancer
  • RB1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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