Cross-linking of IgE or a bacterial product (f-Met-Leu-Phe; FMLP) induces the release of leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and histamine in human basophils. However, the signaling mechanisms in human basophils are only partially understood. It has been demonstrated that extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) specifically regulate the pathway for LTC4 generation, but not for histamine release and interleukin-4 production. More recent studies have suggested that tyrosine kinase (syk)-mediated phosphorylation of shc is responsible for the ras-ERK cascade via the formation of shc-Grb2-Sos2 following stimulation with anti-IgE anti-body, but not FMLP, in human basophils. However, while characterizing the role of phosphatidylinositol (PI)-3 kinase in signaling pathways leading to basophil mediator release, it was noted that this pathway might also regulate p21ras activation. Anti-IgE antibody, but not FMLP, resulted in phosphorylation of p85 (regulatory sub-unit of PI3 kinase), suggesting activation of PI3 kinase. Inhibition of PI3 kinase by selective inhibitor (LY294002) abolished anti-IgE antibody- but not FMLP-induced phosphorylation of MEK1 (MAPK kinase/ERK kinase) and ERKs while inhibiting LTC4 generation as well as histamine release. IgE-mediated activation of ras (upstream of MEK-ERK) was also inhibited. But, further upstream, phosphorylation of syk and of shc and inducible association between shc and Grb2 were not affected. Furthermore, the IgE-mediated cytosolic calcium response ([Ca++](i)) was also diminished. These results suggest that functional responses may be dependent on the activity of PI3 kinase, which regulates at least 2 important signaling pathways: by regulating activation of ras for the MEK-ERK pathway and the increase in [Ca++](i). (C) 2000 by The American Society of Hematology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology