Phonological awareness and rapid naming predict word attack and word identification in adults with mild mental retardation

Kathryn J. Saunders, Anthony DeFulio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study we asked whether measures of phonological awareness and rapid naming were correlated with single-word reading skills of 30 adults with mild mental retardation. We presented four tests of phonological awareness (for rime, first, middle, and end-sound categorization), two rapid-naming tests (pictures and letters), and the Woodcock Word-Identification and Word-Attack subtests. All four phonological-awareness measures and both rapid-naming measures were significantly correlated with both word-attack and word-identification skills. This outcome is consistent with findings from typically developing children, suggesting that instruction in phonological awareness would facilitate the acquisition of word-attack skills in individuals with mental retardation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-166
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal on Mental Retardation
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Education

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