Phenylalkylamine-sensitive calcium channels in osteoblast-like osteosarcoma cells. Characterization by ligand binding and single channel recordings

S. E. Guggino, J. A. Wagner, A. M. Snowman, L. D. Hester, B. Sacktor, S. H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

(-)-[3H]Desmethoxyverapamil ((-)-DMV) binds saturably to homogenates of the osteoblast-like cell lines UMR 106 and ROS 17/2.8 with K(D) values of 45 and 61 nM and B(max) values of 6.0 and 5 pmol/mg protein, respectively. Binding is stereoselective with (-)-DMV 8-10 times more potent than (+)-DMV. None of the dihydropyridine or benzothiazepine Ca2+ antagonists examined affect (-)-[3H]DMV binding. Monovalent cations such as Li+, Na+, and K+ inhibit (-)[3H]DMV binding in the 100-400 mM range. Divalent cations such as Ba2+, Sr2+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ are effective binding inhibitors in the 2-5 mM range. ROS 17/2.8 cells express a channel on the apical plasma membrane which conducts Ba2+ and Ca2+. With 110 mM BaCl2 or CaCl2 as charge carriers the single channel conductance is 3-5 picosiemens. In cell-excised patches the channel selects for Ba2+ over Na+ 3.3:1. In the absence of divalent ions the channel conducts Na+ ions with a single channel conductance of 13 picosiemens. This Na+ conductance decreases with psychological levels of Ca2+. The channel appears related to the (-)-[3H]DMV binding site, since its conductance is blocked by verapamil in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, DMV blocks the channel stereoselectively with relative potencies of the isomers corresponding to their affinities for the binding site. The dihydropyridine drugs BAY K 8644 or (+)-202-791 do not affect channel opening. These binding and biophysical data indicate that osteoblast cells have a phenylalkylamine receptor associated with a Ca2+ channel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10155-10161
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume263
Issue number21
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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