Purpose: Ixabepilone is a microtubule-stabilizing agent with activity in adult solid tumors and in pediatric tumor xenograft models that are resistant to paclitaxel. The maximum tolerated dose on the daily-for-5-days i.v. schedule was 6 mg/m2/dose in adults and 8 mg/m2/dose in children, and the primary dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was neutropenia. This study aimed to determine the response rate to ixabepilone in six solid tumor strata in children and young adults. Experimental Design: We conducted a phase II trial of ixabepilone (8 mg/m2/dose for 5 days every 21 days) using a two-stage design in taxane-naïve children and young adults with treatment-refractory, measurable rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma family tumors, osteosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, or malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, neuroblastoma, and Wilms tumor. Results: Sixty-one eligible patients (36 male) were enrolled. Median (range) age was 13 years (range, 3-36). Fifty-nine patients were fully evaluable for toxicity and response. DLTs, most commonly myelosuppression, occurred in 11 patients (15% incidence in 3-18 years old and 33% in 19-36 years old; P = 0.2) during cycle 1. The median (range) number of cycles was 2 (range, 1-38). No partial or complete responses (response evaluation criteria in solid tumors) were observed. Seven patients received ≥3 cycles, and two had prolonged stable disease (Wilms' tumor, 38 cycles; synovial sarcoma, 8 cycles). Conclusions: Ixabepilone at 8 mg/m2/dose daily for 5 days was tolerable in children and adolescents, but did not show evidence of clinical activity in the childhood solid tumors studied.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research