Phase II Trial of Capecitabine and Weekly Docetaxel for Metastatic Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer

Ulka N. Vaishampayan, Shanthi Marur, Lance K. Heilbrun, Michael L. Cher, Brenda Dickow, Daryn W. Smith, Samir A. Al Hasan, James Eliason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Synergy is observed with the combination of capecitabine and docetaxel due to docetaxel mediated up-regulation of thymidine phosphorylase. A phase II trial was performed with the combination for metastatic, castrate resistant prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: Eligible patients had metastatic, castrate resistant prostate cancer, no prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease and normal organ function. Docetaxel (36 mg/m2 per week intravenously) on days 1, 8 and 15, and capecitabine (1,250 mg/m2 per day in 2 divided doses) on days 5 to 18 were administered in 28-day cycles. The response was assessed every 2 cycles. Biomarker correlative studies were performed on blood dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase, and the thymidine phosphorylase-to-dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase and thymidine synthase-to-dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase ratios in available prostate tumor tissue. Results: A total of 30 patients with a median age of 69 years were enrolled in the study. We noted bone pain in 21 patients (70%), Gleason score 8 or higher in 18 (60%), measurable disease progression in 9, bone scan progression in 18 and prostate specific antigen progression in 22. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was seen in 3 patients and grade 3 hand-foot syndrome was found in 2. No treatment related deaths occurred. A prostate specific antigen response of 50% or greater decrease was observed in 22 patients (73%), of whom 9 (30%) had 90% or greater decrease. A partial response was noted in 5 of 9 patients (56%) with measurable disease. Median time to progression was 6.7 months (90% CI 4.2-7.7) and median overall survival was 22.0 months (90% CI 18.4-25.3). Conclusions: The combination was well tolerated and it demonstrated favorable response rates with durable remission and survival outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-323
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume182
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • capecitabine
  • docetaxel
  • neoplasm metastasis
  • prostate
  • prostatic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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