Phase II evaluation of Taxol in advanced head and neck cancer: an Eastern Cooperative Oncology group trial.

A. A. Forastiere, D. Neuberg, S. G. Taylor, R. DeConti, G. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) is conducting a phase II trial of Taxol in patients with histologically confirmed, advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Patients entered in the study to date either had recurrent disease or were newly diagnosed with incurable local-regional disease or distant metastases. Prior chemotherapy was limited to induction or adjuvant chemotherapy at least 12 months prior to entry in the study. All patients had an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 and measurable disease. The treatment schedule was Taxol 250 mg/m2 by 24-hour continuous intravenous infusion followed by r-met Hu granulocyte-colony stimulating factor 5 micrograms/kg/day subcutaneous injection day 3 to 15 or until the absolute neutrophil count was greater than 1500. Cycles were repeated every 3 weeks. As of September 1, 1992, 27 patients were registered in the study. Of these, three patients were determined to be ineligible, and three were too early to evaluate. There were two early deaths, one definitely and one possibly drug related. Two complete and five partial responses have been observed. Twenty-three patients receiving 83 courses were evaluable for toxicity. Myelosuppression was the primary toxicity observed with 17 (74%) patients experiencing grade 3 or 4 leukopenia and with 20 (87%) patients experiencing grade 3 or 4 neutropenia lasting an average of 2 days (range, 1-4). Peripheral neuropathy occurred in nine patients (grade 1, five patients; grade 2, three patients; grade 3, one patient). Other infrequent toxicities were stomatitis, nausea and vomiting, and myalgias. This trial will continue until 30 eligible patients are accrued.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-184
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
Issue number15
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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