Phase Ib/II study of the safety and efficacy of combination therapy with multikinase VEGF inhibitor pazopanib and MEK inhibitor trametinib in advanced soft tissue sarcoma

Vivek Subbiah, Christian Meyer, Ralph Zinner, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Marianna L. Zahurak, Ashley O'Connor, Jason Roszik, Kenna Shaw, Joseph A. Ludwig, Razelle Kurzrock, Nilofer A. Azad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Pazopanib, a multireceptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting primarily VEGFRs1–3, is approved for advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) and renal cell cancer. Downstream of VEGFR, trametinib is an FDA-approved MEK inhibitor used for melanoma. We hypothesized that vertical pathway inhibition using trametinib would synergize with pazopanib in advanced STS. Experimental Design: In an open-label, multicenter, investigator-initiated National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)-sponsored trial, patients with metastatic or advanced STS received pazopanib 800 mg and 2 mg of trametinib continuously for 28-day cycles. The primary endpoint was 4-month progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were overall survival, response rate, and disease control rate. Results: Twenty-five patients were enrolled. The median age was 49 years (range, 22–77 years) and 52% were male. Median PFS was 2.27 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.9–3.9], and the 4-month PFS rate was 21.1% (95% CI, 9.7–45.9), which was not an improvement over the hypothesized null 4-month PFS rate of 28.3% (P ¼ 0.79). Median overall survival was 9.0 months (95% CI, 5.7–17.7). A partial response occurred in 2 (8%) of the evaluable patients (95% CI, 1.0–26.0), one with PIK3CA E542K-mutant embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and another with spindle cell sarcoma. The disease control rate was 14/25 (56%; 95% CI, 34.9–75.6). The most common adverse events were diarrhea (84%), nausea (64%), and fatigue (56%). Conclusions: The combination of pazopanib and trametinib was tolerable without indication of added activity of the combination in STS. Further study may be warranted in RAS/RAF aberrant sarcomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4027-4034
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume23
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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