A single high-dose cycle of chemotherapy with stem cell support can produce disease-free survival of 15-20% for at least 3 years in women with responding stage IV breast cancer. North American Autologons Bone Marrow Transplant Registry data suggest that a complete response (CR) is the single most important prognostic factor associated with prolonged disease-free survival. Therefore, if sequential high-dose chemotherapy can increase the CR rate, then perhaps an increased proportion of patients will remain disease free. Women with at least a partial response (PR) to induction chemotherapy received three separate high-dose cycles of chemotherapy with peripheral blood progenitor support and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. The first intensification was a dose escalation of paclitaxel (400-825 mg/m2), the second intensification was melphalan (180 mg/m2), and the third intensification consisted of 6000 mg/m2 cyclophosphamide (1500 mg/m2/day), 500 mg/m2 thiotepa (125 mg/m2/day), and 800 mg/m2 carboplatin (200 mg/m2/day; CTCb). Thirty-six women were enrolled and 31 completed all three cycles. After the paclitaxel infusion most patients developed reversible predominantly sensory neuropathy. Of the 19 patients with measurable disease, 6 converted to CR, 7 converted to a PR* (the complete resolution of all soft tissue or visceral disease with sclerosis of prior lyric bone lesions), and 2 had a further PR for an overall response rate of 79%. Two patients had no further response and disease in two patients progressed, and thus they were taken off the study before CTCb. Seventy-eight percent are progression-free at a median follow-up of 14 months (range, 3-24+). Three sequential cycles of high-dose chemotherapy are feasible and were administered in this study with no mortality. Single agent paclitaxel at doses up to 825 mg/m2 were well tolerated with moderate reversible toxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Jul 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research