Purpose: A phase I and pharmacologic study to evaluate the feasibility of administering paclitaxel (PTX) in combination with topotecan (TPT) without and with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in women with recurrent or refractory ovarian cancer. Patients and Methods: TPT was administered as a 30-minute infusion daily for 5 days and PTX was given as a 24-hour infusion (PTX-24) either before TPT on day 1 or after TPT on day 5. Each patient received both schedules on an alternating basis every 3 weeks. Sequential dose escalation of TPT or PTX-24 without and with G-CSF resulted in five dosage permutations of TPT/PTX (mg/m2): 0.75/135 without G-CSF and 0.75/135, 1.25/135, 1.50/135, and 1.25/170 with G-CSF. Results: Twenty-two patients received 109 courses of therapy. Dose-limiting myelosuppression consistently occurred at the first TPT/PTX-24 dose level (0.75/135 mg/m2) in the absence of G-CSF support. Although the addition of G-CSF resulted in reduced rates of complicated neutropenia, the incidences of dose-limiting neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were unacceptably high after the doses of either TPT or PTX-24 were increased. Paired analysis showed similar hematologic toxicities between the two sequences of drug administration. The pharmacologic behavior of both TPT and PTX-24 was not altered by drug sequencing. Major antitumor responses occurred in 40% of patients with measurable and assessable disease, including 45% and 9% of patients with potentially cisplatin-sensitive and -resistant tumors, respectively. Conclusion: The recommended doses of TPT an a daily-times-five schedule combined with PTX-24 in these patients were 0.75 mg/m2/d and 135 mg/m2, respectively, with G-CSF support. Although this dose of PTX has significant single-agent activity in ovarian cancer, the dose of TPT is much lower than the TPT dose at which single-agent activity has been observed. Due to the inability to administer near relevant single-agent doses of both drugs in combination, as well as the requirement for G-CSF support, further evaluations of this regimen in women with refractory or recurrent ovarian cancer are necessary before it can be recommended for previously treated patients in this setting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research