Phase I study of paclitaxel and topotecan in patients with advanced tumors: A cancer and leukemia group B study

Rogerio C. Lilenbaum, Mark J. Ratain, Antonius A. Miller, Jeffrey B. Hargis, Donna R. Hollis, Gary Rosner, Sheila M. O'Brien, Linda Brewster, Mark R. Green, Richard L. Schilsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To define the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and the recommended phase II doses of paclitaxel combined with topotecan, without and with filgrastim support. Patients and Methods: Patients with advanced solid tumors and a maximum of one prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease were eligible if they had a performance status of 0 to 1 and normal renal, hepatic, and bone marrow function. Prior treatment with taxanes or camptothecin analogs, and prior pelvic irradiation were not allowed. Patients with a history of cardiac disease or on medications known to affect cardiac conduction were excluded. The dose of topotecan was fixed at 1.0 mg/m2/d for 5 days. The dose of paclitaxel was escalated until the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), without and with filgrastim 5 μg/kg subcutaneously (SC) on days 6 to 14, was reached. Paclitaxel was administered over 3 hours on day 1 before topotecan. Treatment cycles were repeated every 21 days. Results: Of 46 patients entered, 45 were assessable for toxicity and 34 for response. The principal toxicity was neutropenia. Without filgrastim, the MTD of paclitaxel was 80 mg/m2 on day 1 in combination with topotecan 1.0 mg/m2/d for 5 days. With filgrastim, the dose of paclitaxel was escalated to 230 mg/m2 in combination with the same dose of topotecan. At this dose level, one patient had hematologic DLT and a second patient developed neuromuscular DLT. Three patients had a partial response (PR): one with head and neck cancer, a second with non-small-cell lung cancer, and the third with colon cancer. Conclusion: We conclude that paclitaxel can be given at clinically relevant doses in combination with topotecan and filgrastim. The recommended dose for phase II studies is paclitaxel 230 mg/m2 on day 1 and topotecan 1.0 mg/m2/day for 5 days with filgrastim 5 μg/kg an days 6 to 14.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2230-2237
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume13
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1995
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Lilenbaum, R. C., Ratain, M. J., Miller, A. A., Hargis, J. B., Hollis, D. R., Rosner, G., ... Schilsky, R. L. (1995). Phase I study of paclitaxel and topotecan in patients with advanced tumors: A cancer and leukemia group B study. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 13(9), 2230-2237.