Purpose: To define the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and the recommended phase II doses of paclitaxel combined with topotecan, without and with filgrastim support. Patients and Methods: Patients with advanced solid tumors and a maximum of one prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease were eligible if they had a performance status of 0 to 1 and normal renal, hepatic, and bone marrow function. Prior treatment with taxanes or camptothecin analogs, and prior pelvic irradiation were not allowed. Patients with a history of cardiac disease or on medications known to affect cardiac conduction were excluded. The dose of topotecan was fixed at 1.0 mg/m2/d for 5 days. The dose of paclitaxel was escalated until the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), without and with filgrastim 5 μg/kg subcutaneously (SC) on days 6 to 14, was reached. Paclitaxel was administered over 3 hours on day 1 before topotecan. Treatment cycles were repeated every 21 days. Results: Of 46 patients entered, 45 were assessable for toxicity and 34 for response. The principal toxicity was neutropenia. Without filgrastim, the MTD of paclitaxel was 80 mg/m2 on day 1 in combination with topotecan 1.0 mg/m2/d for 5 days. With filgrastim, the dose of paclitaxel was escalated to 230 mg/m2 in combination with the same dose of topotecan. At this dose level, one patient had hematologic DLT and a second patient developed neuromuscular DLT. Three patients had a partial response (PR): one with head and neck cancer, a second with non-small-cell lung cancer, and the third with colon cancer. Conclusion: We conclude that paclitaxel can be given at clinically relevant doses in combination with topotecan and filgrastim. The recommended dose for phase II studies is paclitaxel 230 mg/m2 on day 1 and topotecan 1.0 mg/m2/day for 5 days with filgrastim 5 μg/kg an days 6 to 14.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research