Phase-dependent Stimulation for Modulating Phase-amplitude Coupling: A Computational Modeling Approach

Yousef Salimpour, Anish Nayak, Elizaveta Naydanova, Min Jae Kim, Brian Y. Hwang, Kelly Mills, Pawel Kudela, William S. Anderson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Phase-amplitude coupling (PAC), in which the amplitude of a faster neural oscillation couples to the phase of a slower rhythm, is one of the most common representations of complex neuronal rhythmic activities. In a healthy brain, PAC accompanies cognitive function, and abnormal patterns of PAC have been linked to several neurological disorders. Among the various brain neuromodulation techniques, phase-dependent stimulation has a strong potential to modulate PAC levels. In this study, we utilize a computational model in the NEURON environment based on a detailed mathematical model of neuronal populations, consisting of networks with both excitatory and inhibitory neurons, to simulate PAC generation. The model was then used to investigate the modulatory effects of phase-dependent stimulation on the generated PAC. Simulated data from the model shows that stimulation locked to the phase of slower rhythms increased PAC level during stimulation. These results demonstrate the capacity of phase-dependent stimulation to modulate PAC, which could allow for applications in the treatment of neurological disorders associated with abnormal PAC, such as Parkinson's disease.Clinical Relevance - Analyzing the origins of neuronal PAC and developing a brain stimulation technique for modulating the level of PAC can facilitate the development of novel treatment methods for neurological disorders associated with abnormal cross-frequency coupling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3590-3593
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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