Rationale and Objectives: Detection of a systemic hemodynamic response in patients suffering from allergic asthma after segmental endobronchial allergen challenge using phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods: Nine asthma patients and four healthy volunteers were examined using MRI (1.5T) before (0 hour), 6 hours, and 24 hours after segmental allergen challenge. Two-dimensional phase-contrast MRI measurements were performed in the aorta (AO) and in the pulmonary artery (PA). In addition, short-axis balanced steady state free precession cardiac cine MRI was performed. Maximum systolic flow, maximum flow acceleration, acceleration volume, acceleration time, distensibility, ejection fraction, stroke volume, end-systolic/diastolic volume, cardiac mass, heart rate (HR), and cardiac output (CO) were determined. Spirometry and bronchoalveolar lavage were also performed. Results: In patients with asthma, maximal systolic flow and maximal flow acceleration increased 6 hours after provocation in the AO (112.3% and 118.9%, respectively) and PA (113.9% and 116.0%, respectively) compared to baseline (100%, P<.05). HR and CO increased significantly at 6 hours (115% and 118%, respectively) compared to baseline (100%, P=.003). In healthy subjects, almost all MRI-derived hemodynamic parameters did not significantly change at 6 hours and were significantly lower than baseline values at 24 hours (P<.02). Twenty-four hours after allergen challenge, all MRI-derived flow parameters were significantly lower in the control group compared to the asthma group (P<.05). HR, CO, and cardiac function parameters measured at 24 hours showed no significant difference comparing the two groups (P>.05). Conclusions: In asthmatic patients, MRI-derived hemodynamic parameters using phase-contrast MRI are slightly altered after segmental allergen provocation compared to normal controls indicating a mild systemic reaction to local allergen challenge.
- Asthma bronchiale
- Endobronchial allergen challenge
- Phase-contrast MRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging