Phase 2 study of safety and efficacy of nimotuzumab in pediatric Patients with progressive diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma

Ute Bartels, Johannes Wolff, Lia Gore, Ira Dunkel, Stephen Gilheeney, Jeffrey Allen, Stewart Goldman, Michal Yalon, Roger J. Packer, David N. Korones, Amy Smith, Kenneth Cohen, John Kuttesch, Douglas Strother, Sylvain Baruchel, Janet Gammon, Mark Kowalski, Eric Bouffet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The prognosis of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) remains poor, with no drug proven to be effective. Methods: Patients with clinically and radiologically confirmed, centrally reviewed DIPG, who had failed standard first-line therapy were eligible for this multicenter phase II trial. The anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibody, nimotuzumab (150 mg/m2), was administered intravenously once weekly fromweeks 1 to 7 and once every 2 weeks from weeks 8 to 18. Response evaluation was based on clinical and MRI assessments. Patients with partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD) were allowed to continue nimotuzumab. Results: Forty-four patients received at least one dose of nimotuzumab (male/female, 20/24;median age, 6.0 years; range, 3.0-17.0 years). All had received prior radiotherapy. Treatment was well tolerated. Eighteen children experienced serious adverse events (SAEs). The majority of SAEs were associated with disease progression. Nineteen patients completed 8 weeks (W8) of treatment: There were 2 PRs, 6 SDs, and 11 progressions. Five patients completed 18 weeks (W18) of treatment: 1 of 2 patients with PR at W8 remained in PR at W18, and 3 of 6 children with SD at W8 maintained SD at W18. Time to progression following initiation of nimotuzumab for the 4 patients with SD or better at W18 was 119, 157, 182 and 335 days, respectively. Median survival time was 3.2 months. Two patients lived 663 and 481 days from the start of nimotuzumab. Conclusions: Modest activity of nimotuzumab in DIPG, which has been shown previously, was confirmed: A small subset of DIPG patients appeared to benefit from anti-EGFR antibody treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1554-1559
Number of pages6
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Children
  • Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • Nimotuzumab
  • Phase II trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Phase 2 study of safety and efficacy of nimotuzumab in pediatric Patients with progressive diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Bartels, U., Wolff, J., Gore, L., Dunkel, I., Gilheeney, S., Allen, J., Goldman, S., Yalon, M., Packer, R. J., Korones, D. N., Smith, A., Cohen, K., Kuttesch, J., Strother, D., Baruchel, S., Gammon, J., Kowalski, M., & Bouffet, E. (2014). Phase 2 study of safety and efficacy of nimotuzumab in pediatric Patients with progressive diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma. Neuro-oncology, 16(11), 1554-1559. https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/nou091