Phase 1 trial and pharmacokinetic study of arsenic trioxide in children and adolescents with refractory or relapsed acute leukemia, including acute promyelocytic leukemia or lymphoma

Elizabeth Fox, Bassem I. Razzouk, Brigitte C. Widemann, Shaun Xiao, Michelle O'Brien, Wendy Goodspeed, Gregory H. Reaman, Susan M. Blaney, Anthony J. Murgo, Frank M. Balis, Peter C. Adamson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Arsenic trioxide (ATO) induces remission in 85% of adults with refractory acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We conducted a phase 1 trial of ATO in children (median age 13 y, range, 2-19) with refractory leukemia. ATO was administered intravenously over 2 hours, 5 d/wk for 20 doses/cycle. Patients with APL (n = 13) received 0.15 mg/kg per day, and patients with other types of leukemia received 0.15 mg/kg per day (n = 2) or 0.2 mg/kg per day (n = 4). Nineteen of the 24 enrolled patients were fully evaluable for toxicity. At 0.15 mg/kg per day, 2 of 15 patients experienced dose-limiting corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation, pneumonitis, or neuropathic pain. At 0.2 mg/kg per day, 2 of 4 patients had dose-limiting QTc prolongation or pancreatitis. Non-dose-limiting toxicities included elevated serum transaminases, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, electrolyte imbalance, hyperglycemia, dermatitis, and headache. At 0.15 mg/kg per day, the median (range) plasma arsenic maximum concentration (Cmax) was 0.28 μM (0.11-0.37 μM) and at 0.2 mg/kg per day, Cmax was 0.40 and 0.46 μM; area under the concentration times time curve (AUC0-24) was 2.50 μM-hr (1.28-3.85 μM-hr) and 4.37 μM-hr and 4.69 μM-hr, respectively. Morphologic complete response (CR) was achieved in 85% of patients with APL; no responses were observed in non-APL patients. ATO is well-tolerated in children at the recommended dose of 0.15 mg/kg per day. The response rate in children with relapsed APL is similar to the response rate in adults. This trial was registered as #NCT00020111 at www.ClinicalTrials.gov.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)566-573
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume111
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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