Pharmacological reversal of renal cysts from secretion to absorption suggests a potential therapeutic strategy for managing autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

Murali K. Yanda, Boyoung Cha, Cristina V. Cebotaru, Liudmila Cebotaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) induces a secretory phenotype, resulting in multiple fluid-filled cysts. We have previously demonstrated that VX-809, a corrector of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), reduces cyst growth. Here, we show that in normal mice CFTR is located within the cells and also at the apical and basolateral membranes. However, in polycystic kidney disease (pkd1)-knockout mice, CFTR was located at the plasma membrane, consistent with its role in cAMP-dependent fluid secretion. In cystic mice, VX-809 treatment increased CFTR levels at the apical membrane and reduced its association with the endoplasmic reticulum. Surprisingly, VX-809 treatment significantly increased CFTR's co-localization with the basolateral membrane in cystic mice. Na/H exchanger 3 (NHE3) is present in pkd1-knockout and normal mice and in proximal tubule-derived, cultured pkd1-knockout cells. VX-809 increased the expression, activity, and apical plasma membrane localization of NHE3. Co-localization of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) with the plasma membrane was reduced in cysts in pkd1-knockout mice, consistent with an inability of the cysts to absorb fluid. Interestingly, in the cystic mice, VX-809 treatment increased ENaC levels at the apical plasma membrane consistent with fluid absorption. Thus, VX-809 treatment of pkd1-null mouse kidneys significantly affected CFTR, NHE3, and ENaC, altering the cyst phenotype from one poised toward fluid secretion toward one more favorable for absorption. VX-809 also altered the location of CFTR but not of NHE3 or ENaC in normal mice. Given that VX-809 administration is safe, it may have potential utility for treating patients with ADPKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17090-17104
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume294
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 8 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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