Pharmacological interventions for stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: a mixed treatment comparison network meta-analysis and a recursive cumulative meta-analysis

Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Jerome Gnanaraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI), histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RA), sucralfate and antacids are the commonly administered agents for stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) in critically ill patients. The authors of this paper have conducted a network meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of these agents in SUP. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials, cohort studies and conference abstracts for studies comparing a SUP agent in critically ill patients to another active SUP agent or placebo. Overt, occult and clinically significant upper gastro-intestinal (UGI) bleeding, all-cause mortality, pneumonia, gastric colonization and ICU length of stay were considered as the outcome measures. A random effects model was used to generate pooled estimates. Results: A total of 53 studies (4258 participants) were included. The pooled estimates were in favor of PPI and sucralfate for the overt UGI bleeding. PPI and H2RA bolus were associated with increased risk of gastric colonization and pneumonia. Conclusions: SUP in critically ill patients was not associated with any benefit with regard to clinically significant bleeding episodes. However, PPI and sucralfate significantly reduces overt UGI bleeding. On the contrary, PPI and H2RA bolus are associated with an increased risk of gastric colonization and pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 23 2017

Keywords

  • anti-ulcer drugs
  • gastro-intestinal bleeding
  • histamine receptor blockers
  • pneumonia
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • sucralfate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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