Pharmacological approaches to tinnitus treatment

Ana Belén Elgoyhen, Berthold Langguth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Keypoints: 1.Available treatments for the management of -tinnitus are diverse. 2.Although most patients benefit from treatment to some degree a large percentage of them are left untreated and in despair with the notion that they have to learn to live with their tinnitus. 3.Currently there is no drug that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) for the treatment of tinnitus. Thus, tinnitus is still a clinically unmet need, and most patients would welcome a drug that abolishes their phantom sound once and for all. 4.There are different forms of tinnitus which probably differ in their response to pharmacological treatment. Thus, even if a specific drug has failed to demonstrate efficacy in controlled clinical trials in a large sample, a beneficial effect in a subgroup of tinnitus patients should not be precluded. At present, most evidence-based pharmacological treatments treat specific comorbidities rather than the core of the disorder itself. 5.There is an urgent need for effective treatment approaches. Since in some individuals, tinnitus causes irritability agitation, stress, depression, insom-nia, and interferes with normal life - leading to suicidal attempts in severe cases - even a drug that produces a small but significant effect would have an enormous therapeutic impact. This review describes strategies currently available for tinnitus pharmacotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTextbook of Tinnitus
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages625-637
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9781607611448
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hearing
  • Lidocaine
  • Neramexane
  • Noise trauma
  • Phantom sound
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Elgoyhen, A. B., & Langguth, B. (2011). Pharmacological approaches to tinnitus treatment. In Textbook of Tinnitus (pp. 625-637). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60761-145-5_78