Pharmacological analysis of the tachykinin receptors that mediate activation of nonadrenergic, noncholinergic relaxant nerves that innervate guinea pig trachealis

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Abstract

Previous studies indicated that antidromic stimulation of capsaicin- sensitive vagal afferent fibers activated, via peripheral release of tachykinins, nonadrenergic, noncholinergic parasympathetic ganglion neurons that mediate relaxations of guinea pig trachealis. On the basis of the effects of selective agonists and inhibition with a nonselective receptor antagonist (SR 48968), we speculated that tachykinin-mediated activation of neurokinin3 (NK3) receptors might be involved. Using the recently developed NK3-selective receptor antagonist SR 142801, we further assessed the role of NK3 receptors in these relaxant responses. Relaxations of the guinea pig trachea elicited by antidromic stimulation of capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferent nerves were markedly inhibited by 0.3 μM SR 142801 and were abolished by a combination of SR 142801 and either of the NK1-selective receptor antagonists SR 140333 and CP 99994 (0.3 μM each). The NK3 receptor antagonist had similar effects on the relaxant responses elicited by capsaicin and substance P, but it had no effect on relaxations of the trachealis elicited by electrical field stimulation of the postganglionic nerves that innervate the trachealis or by stimulation of the preganglionic parasympathetic vagal nerves that innervate the trachea. These results and the observation that the ganglion neurons that mediate these responses are densely innervated by substance P-containing nerve fibers lead us conclude that stimulation of capsaicin-sensitive visceral afferent fibers activates, upon peripheral release of tachykinins, nonadrenergic, noncholinergic inhibitory neurons innervating guinea pig trachealis via activation of both NK3 and NK1 receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-377
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume284
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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