Pharmacokinetics of dacarbazine in the regional perfusion of extremities with melanoma

Mukund S. Didolkar, Andre J. Jackson, Lawrence J. Lesko, J. Lawrence Fitzpatrick, Barbara S. Buda, Gerald S. Johnston, Loren A. Zech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The pharmacokinetics of dacarbazine (DTIC), which has been shown to be an effective therapeutic agent against metastatic melanoma, has not been extensively studied. However, to improve the clinical use of the drug, more information on the kinetics is required. Methods: A pharmacokinetic study was undertaken in six patients with melanoma of an extremity who were undergoing hyperthermic isolation perfusion with DTIC in order to understand better its clinical pharmacokinetics. Plasma was sampled from the arterial and venous lines of an extracorporeal pump during the perfusion with the systemic vein and urine sampled postperfusion. Samples were analyzed for DTIC, 2-azahypoxanthine (2-AZA), and aminoimidazole carboxamide (AIC). 99mTc (Technetium) human serum albumin (HSA) was used in the perfusion circuit to monitor the crossover of the perfusate into the systemic circulation during the procedure. The data were analyzed using a compartmental model of sampled body compartments incorporating the isolated extremity. Results: High tissue DTIC levels were maintained throughout the perfusion, whereas in the systemic circulation, plasma DTIC concentrations, when observed, were 40-100-fold less than those in the perfusate. Almost 70% of the DTIC administered was not recovered in the perfusate after the washout of the extremity. Conclusions: High levels of DTIC can be maintained in an extremity (i.e., arm or leg) during perfusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-158
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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    Didolkar, M. S., Jackson, A. J., Lesko, L. J., Fitzpatrick, J. L., Buda, B. S., Johnston, G. S., & Zech, L. A. (1996). Pharmacokinetics of dacarbazine in the regional perfusion of extremities with melanoma. Journal of Surgical Oncology, 63(3), 148-158. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9098(199611)63:3<148::AID-JSO4>3.0.CO;2-D