Pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of 64Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides in chronic myocardial infarction

Heejung Kim, Sung Jin Lee, Jin Su Kim, Cynthia Davies-Venn, Hong Jun Cho, Samuel J. Won, Eden Dejene, Zhengsheng Yao, Insook Kim, Chang H. Paik, David A. Bluemke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides. METHODS: The affinity constant (KD), association (ka), and dissociation rate constant (kd) for the peptide collagelin or its analog (named CRPA) binding to collagen were measured by biolayer interferometric analysis. Rats (n=4–5) with myocardial infarction or normal were injected intravenously with the Cu-labeled peptides or Cu-DOTA as a control. Dynamic PET imaging was performed for 60 min at 7–8 weeks after infarct. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET imaging was performed to identify the viable myocardium. To validate the PET images, slices of heart samples from the base to the apex were analyzed using autoradiography and histology. RESULT: The peptides bound to collagen with a KD of ∼0.9 µmol/l. The Cu-peptides and Cu-DOTA accumulated in the infarct area (confirmed by autoradiography and histology images) within 1 min of injection and were excreted rapidly through the renal system. The blood clearance curves were biphasic with elimination half-lives of 21.9±2.4, 26.2±4.6, and 21.2±2.1 min for Cu-CRPA, Cu-collagelin, and the control Cu-DOTA, respectively. The clearance half-lives from the focal fibrotic tissue (24.1±1.5, 25.6±8.0, and 21.4±1.3 min, respectively) and remote myocardium (20.8±0.7, 21.0±5.5, and 19.1±2.4 min, respectively) were not significantly different. The uptake ratios of infarct-to-remote myocardium (1.93±0.18, 2.15±0.38, and 1.88±0.08, respectively) for Cu-CRPA, Cu-collagelin, and Cu-DOTA remained stable for the time period between 10 and 60 min. CONCLUSION: The distribution of the Cu-collagelin probes corresponds to the heterogeneous distribution of expanded extracellular space in the setting of myocardial infarction. The overall washout rate from the fibrous tissue was determined by the slow washout rate (t1/2≥20 min) of the peptides from the extracellular space to the vasculature, not by the dissociation rate (t1/2<2 min) of the Cu-peptides from collagen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 10 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Collagen
Pharmacokinetics
Myocardial Infarction
Peptides
Myocardium
Extracellular Space
Autoradiography
Histology
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Kidney
Injections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of 64Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides in chronic myocardial infarction. / Kim, Heejung; Lee, Sung Jin; Kim, Jin Su; Davies-Venn, Cynthia; Cho, Hong Jun; Won, Samuel J.; Dejene, Eden; Yao, Zhengsheng; Kim, Insook; Paik, Chang H.; Bluemke, David A.

In: Nuclear Medicine Communications, 10.09.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Heejung ; Lee, Sung Jin ; Kim, Jin Su ; Davies-Venn, Cynthia ; Cho, Hong Jun ; Won, Samuel J. ; Dejene, Eden ; Yao, Zhengsheng ; Kim, Insook ; Paik, Chang H. ; Bluemke, David A. / Pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of 64Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides in chronic myocardial infarction. In: Nuclear Medicine Communications. 2016.
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title = "Pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of 64Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides in chronic myocardial infarction",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides. METHODS: The affinity constant (KD), association (ka), and dissociation rate constant (kd) for the peptide collagelin or its analog (named CRPA) binding to collagen were measured by biolayer interferometric analysis. Rats (n=4–5) with myocardial infarction or normal were injected intravenously with the Cu-labeled peptides or Cu-DOTA as a control. Dynamic PET imaging was performed for 60 min at 7–8 weeks after infarct. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET imaging was performed to identify the viable myocardium. To validate the PET images, slices of heart samples from the base to the apex were analyzed using autoradiography and histology. RESULT: The peptides bound to collagen with a KD of ∼0.9 µmol/l. The Cu-peptides and Cu-DOTA accumulated in the infarct area (confirmed by autoradiography and histology images) within 1 min of injection and were excreted rapidly through the renal system. The blood clearance curves were biphasic with elimination half-lives of 21.9±2.4, 26.2±4.6, and 21.2±2.1 min for Cu-CRPA, Cu-collagelin, and the control Cu-DOTA, respectively. The clearance half-lives from the focal fibrotic tissue (24.1±1.5, 25.6±8.0, and 21.4±1.3 min, respectively) and remote myocardium (20.8±0.7, 21.0±5.5, and 19.1±2.4 min, respectively) were not significantly different. The uptake ratios of infarct-to-remote myocardium (1.93±0.18, 2.15±0.38, and 1.88±0.08, respectively) for Cu-CRPA, Cu-collagelin, and Cu-DOTA remained stable for the time period between 10 and 60 min. CONCLUSION: The distribution of the Cu-collagelin probes corresponds to the heterogeneous distribution of expanded extracellular space in the setting of myocardial infarction. The overall washout rate from the fibrous tissue was determined by the slow washout rate (t1/2≥20 min) of the peptides from the extracellular space to the vasculature, not by the dissociation rate (t1/2<2 min) of the Cu-peptides from collagen.",
author = "Heejung Kim and Lee, {Sung Jin} and Kim, {Jin Su} and Cynthia Davies-Venn and Cho, {Hong Jun} and Won, {Samuel J.} and Eden Dejene and Zhengsheng Yao and Insook Kim and Paik, {Chang H.} and Bluemke, {David A.}",
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T1 - Pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of 64Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides in chronic myocardial infarction

AU - Kim, Heejung

AU - Lee, Sung Jin

AU - Kim, Jin Su

AU - Davies-Venn, Cynthia

AU - Cho, Hong Jun

AU - Won, Samuel J.

AU - Dejene, Eden

AU - Yao, Zhengsheng

AU - Kim, Insook

AU - Paik, Chang H.

AU - Bluemke, David A.

PY - 2016/9/10

Y1 - 2016/9/10

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides. METHODS: The affinity constant (KD), association (ka), and dissociation rate constant (kd) for the peptide collagelin or its analog (named CRPA) binding to collagen were measured by biolayer interferometric analysis. Rats (n=4–5) with myocardial infarction or normal were injected intravenously with the Cu-labeled peptides or Cu-DOTA as a control. Dynamic PET imaging was performed for 60 min at 7–8 weeks after infarct. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET imaging was performed to identify the viable myocardium. To validate the PET images, slices of heart samples from the base to the apex were analyzed using autoradiography and histology. RESULT: The peptides bound to collagen with a KD of ∼0.9 µmol/l. The Cu-peptides and Cu-DOTA accumulated in the infarct area (confirmed by autoradiography and histology images) within 1 min of injection and were excreted rapidly through the renal system. The blood clearance curves were biphasic with elimination half-lives of 21.9±2.4, 26.2±4.6, and 21.2±2.1 min for Cu-CRPA, Cu-collagelin, and the control Cu-DOTA, respectively. The clearance half-lives from the focal fibrotic tissue (24.1±1.5, 25.6±8.0, and 21.4±1.3 min, respectively) and remote myocardium (20.8±0.7, 21.0±5.5, and 19.1±2.4 min, respectively) were not significantly different. The uptake ratios of infarct-to-remote myocardium (1.93±0.18, 2.15±0.38, and 1.88±0.08, respectively) for Cu-CRPA, Cu-collagelin, and Cu-DOTA remained stable for the time period between 10 and 60 min. CONCLUSION: The distribution of the Cu-collagelin probes corresponds to the heterogeneous distribution of expanded extracellular space in the setting of myocardial infarction. The overall washout rate from the fibrous tissue was determined by the slow washout rate (t1/2≥20 min) of the peptides from the extracellular space to the vasculature, not by the dissociation rate (t1/2<2 min) of the Cu-peptides from collagen.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and microbiodistribution of Cu-labeled collagen-binding peptides. METHODS: The affinity constant (KD), association (ka), and dissociation rate constant (kd) for the peptide collagelin or its analog (named CRPA) binding to collagen were measured by biolayer interferometric analysis. Rats (n=4–5) with myocardial infarction or normal were injected intravenously with the Cu-labeled peptides or Cu-DOTA as a control. Dynamic PET imaging was performed for 60 min at 7–8 weeks after infarct. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET imaging was performed to identify the viable myocardium. To validate the PET images, slices of heart samples from the base to the apex were analyzed using autoradiography and histology. RESULT: The peptides bound to collagen with a KD of ∼0.9 µmol/l. The Cu-peptides and Cu-DOTA accumulated in the infarct area (confirmed by autoradiography and histology images) within 1 min of injection and were excreted rapidly through the renal system. The blood clearance curves were biphasic with elimination half-lives of 21.9±2.4, 26.2±4.6, and 21.2±2.1 min for Cu-CRPA, Cu-collagelin, and the control Cu-DOTA, respectively. The clearance half-lives from the focal fibrotic tissue (24.1±1.5, 25.6±8.0, and 21.4±1.3 min, respectively) and remote myocardium (20.8±0.7, 21.0±5.5, and 19.1±2.4 min, respectively) were not significantly different. The uptake ratios of infarct-to-remote myocardium (1.93±0.18, 2.15±0.38, and 1.88±0.08, respectively) for Cu-CRPA, Cu-collagelin, and Cu-DOTA remained stable for the time period between 10 and 60 min. CONCLUSION: The distribution of the Cu-collagelin probes corresponds to the heterogeneous distribution of expanded extracellular space in the setting of myocardial infarction. The overall washout rate from the fibrous tissue was determined by the slow washout rate (t1/2≥20 min) of the peptides from the extracellular space to the vasculature, not by the dissociation rate (t1/2<2 min) of the Cu-peptides from collagen.

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