Pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of 86Y-Trastuzumab for 90Y dosimetry in an ovarian carcinoma model: Correlative MicroPET and MRI

Stig Palm, Richard M. Enmon, Cornelia Matei, Katherine S. Kolbert, Su Xu, Pat B. Zanzonico, Ronald L. Finn, Jason A. Koutcher, Steven M. Larson, George Sgouros

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Abstract

Preclinical biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of investigational radiopharmaceuticals are typically obtained by longitudinal animal studies. These have required the sacrifice of multiple animals at each time point. Advances in small-animal imaging have made it possible to evaluate the biodistribution of radiopharmaceuticals across time in individual animals, in vivo. MicroPET and MRI-based preclinical biodistribution and localization data were obtained and used to assess the therapeutic potential of 90Y-trastuzumab monoclonal antibody (mAb) (anti-HER2/neu) against ovarian carcinoma. Methods: Female nude mice were inoculated intraperitoneally with 5.106 ovarian carcinoma cells (SKOV3). Fourteen days after inoculation, 12-18 MBq 86Y-labeled trastuzumab mAb was injected intraperitoneally. Tumor-free mice, injected with 86Y-trastuzumab, and tumor-bearing mice injected with labeled, irrelevant mAb or 86Y-trastuzumab + 100-fold excess unlabeled trastuzumab were used as controls. Eight microPET studies per animal were collected over 72 h. Standard and background images were collected for calibration. MicroPET images were registered with MR images acquired on a 1.5-T whole-body MR scanner. For selected time points, 4.7-T small-animal MR images were also obtained. Images were analyzed and registered using software developed in-house. At completion of imaging, suspected tumor lesions were dissected for histopathologic confirmation. Blood, excised normal organs, and tumor nodules were measured by γ-counting. Tissue uptake was expressed relative to the blood concentration (percentage of injected activity per gram of tissue [%IA/g]/%IA/g blood). 86Y-Trastuzumab pharmacokinetics were used to perform 90Y-trastuzumab dosimetry. Results: Intraperitoneal injection of mAb led to rapid blood-pool uptake (5-9 h) followed by tumor localization (26-32 h), as confirmed by registered MR images. Tumor uptake was greatest for 86Y-trastuzumab (7 ± 1); excess unlabeled trastuzumab yielded a 70% reduction. Tumor uptake for the irrelevant mAb was 0.4 ± 0.1. The concentration in normal organs relative to blood ranged from 0 to 1.4 across all studies, with maximum uptake in spleen. The absorbed dose to the kidneys was 0.31 Gy/MBq 90Y-trastuzumab. The liver received 0.48 Gy/MBq, and the spleen received 0.56 Gy/MBq. Absorbed dose to tumors varied from 0.10 Gy/MBq for radius = 0.1 mm to 3.7 Gy/MBq for radius = 5 mm. Conclusion: For all injected compounds, the relative microPET image intensity of the tumor matched the subsequently determined 86Y uptake. Coregistration with MR images confirmed the position of 86Y uptake relative to various organs. Radiolabeled trastuzumab mAb was shown to localize to sites of disease with minimal normal organ uptake. Dosimetry calculations showed a strong dependence on tumor size. These results demonstrate the usefulness of combined microPET and MRI for the evaluation of novel therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1148-1155
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume44
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

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Keywords

  • MicroPET
  • Ovarian carcinoma
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Trastuzumab; y

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Palm, S., Enmon, R. M., Matei, C., Kolbert, K. S., Xu, S., Zanzonico, P. B., Finn, R. L., Koutcher, J. A., Larson, S. M., & Sgouros, G. (2003). Pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of 86Y-Trastuzumab for 90Y dosimetry in an ovarian carcinoma model: Correlative MicroPET and MRI. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 44(7), 1148-1155.