PEX5 binds the PTS1 independently of Hsp70 and the peroxin PEX12

Courtney C. Harper, Jeremy M. Berg, Stephen J. Gould

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Most peroxisomal enzymes are targeted to peroxisomes by virtue of a type-1 peroxisomal targeting signal (PTS1) at their extreme C terminus. PEX5 binds the PTS1 through its C-terminal 40-kDa tetratricopeptide repeat domain and is essential for import of PTS1-contining proteins into peroxisomes. Here we examined the PTS1-binding activity of purified, recombinant, full-length PEX5 using a fluorescence anisotropy-based assay. Like its C-terminal fragment, full-length tetrameric PEX5 exhibits high intrinsic affinity for the PTS1, with a Kd of 35 nM for the peptide lissamine-Tyr-Gln-Ser-Lys-Leu-COO-. The specificity of this interaction was demonstrated by the fact that PEX5 had no detectable affinity for a peptide in which the Lys was replaced with Glu, a substitution that inactivates PTS1 signals in vivo. Hsp70 has been found to regulate the affinity of PEX5 for a PTS1-containing protein, but we found that the kinetics of PEX5-PTS1 binding was unaffected by Hsp70, Hsp70 plus ATP, or Hsp70 plus ADP. In addition, we found that another protein known to interact with the PTS1-binding domain of PEX5, the PEX12 zinc RING domain, also had no discernable effect on PEX5-PTS1 binding kinetics. Taken together, these results suggest that the initial step in peroxisomal protein import, the recognition of enzymes by PEX5, is a relatively simple process and that Hsp70 most probably stimulates this process by catalyzing the folding of newly synthesized peroxisomal enzymes and/or enhancing the accessibility of their PTS1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7897-7901
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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