PEX11α is required for peroxisome proliferation in response to 4-phenylbutyrate but is dispensable for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha-mediated peroxisome proliferation

Xiaoling Li, Eveline Baumgart, Gao Xiang Dong, James C. Morrell, Gerardo Jimenez-Sanchez, David Valle, Kirby D. Smith, Stephen J. Gould

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The PEX11 peroxisomal membrane proteins promote peroxisome division in multiple eukaryotes. As part of our effort to understand the molecular and physiological functions of PEX11 proteins, we disrupted the mouse PEX11α gene. Overexpression of PEX11α is sufficient to promote peroxisome division, and a class of chemicals known as peroxisome proliferating agents (PPAs) induce the expression of PEX11α and promote peroxisome division. These observations led to the hypothesis that PPAs induce peroxisome abundance by enhancing PEX11α expression. The phenotypes of PEX11α-/- mice indicate that this hypothesis remains valid for a novel class of PPAs that act independently of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) but is not valid for the classical PPAs that act as activators of PPARα. Furthermore, we find that PEX11α-/- mice have normal peroxisome abundance and that cells lacking both PEX11α and PEX11β, a second mammalian PEX11 gene, have no greater defect in peroxisome abundance than do cells lacking only PEX11β. Finally, we report the identification of a third mammalian PEX11 gene, PEX11γ, and show that it too encodes a peroxisomal protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8226-8240
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume22
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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