PET imaging in ectopic Cushing syndrome: a systematic review

Prasanna Santhanam, David Taieb, Luca Giovanella, Giorgio Treglia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Cushing syndrome due to endogenous hypercortisolism may cause significant morbidity and mortality. The source of excess cortisol may be adrenal, pituitary, or ectopic. Ectopic Cushing syndrome is sometimes difficult to localize on conventional imaging like CT and MRI. After performing a multilevel thoracoabdominal imaging with CT, the evidence regarding the use of radiotracers for PET imaging is unclear due to significant molecular and etiological heterogeneity of potential causes of ectopic Cushing’s syndrome. In our systematic review of literature, it appears that GalLium-based (Ga68) somatostatin receptor analogs have better sensitivity in diagnosis of bronchial carcinoids causing Cushing syndrome and FDG PET appears superior for small-cell lung cancers and other aggressive tumors. Further large-scale studies are needed to identify the best PET tracer for this condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-305
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ectopic Cushing syndrome
  • F-FDG
  • Octreoscan
  • PET

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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