PET-based Treatment Response Assessment for Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: An Exploratory Study

Entesar Dalah, An Tai, Kiyoko Oshima, William A. Hall, Beth Erickson, X. Allen Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: Performance of anatomical metrics of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST1.1) versus Positron Emission Tomography Response Criteria in Solid Tumors (PERCIST1.0) for neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCR) of pancreatic adenocarcinoma was evaluated based on the pathological treatment response (PTR) data. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The pre- and post-nCR CT and PET data for 14 patients with resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic head adenocarcinoma treated with nCR followed by surgery were retrospectively analyzed. These data were compared with the PTR which were graded according to tumor cell destruction (cellularity), with Grade 0, 1, 2 or 3 (G0, G1, G2 or G3) for complete, moderate, minimal and poor responses, respectively. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was defined using body-weight (SUVbw). PERCIST1.0 was defined using lean-body mass normalized SUV (SUVlb or SUL). RECIST1.1 was defined by contouring the whole pancreas head on the CT image. Pre- and post-SUL-peak and SUVmax, RECIST1.1 and PETRECIST1.0 were correlated with PTR using Pearson's correlation coefficient test. RESULTS: The average mean and SD in SUL-peak for all patients analyzed were lower in post-nCR (3.63±1.06) compared to those at pre-nCR (4.29±0.89). Using PERCIST1.0, 62% of patients showed stable metabolic disease (SMD), 23% partial metabolic response (PMR), and 15% progressive metabolic disease (PMD). Using RECIST1.1, 85% of patients showed stable disease (SD), 8% partial response (PR), and 7% progressive diseases (PD). A poor insignificant correlation was established between PRT and PERECIST1.0 (r=0.121), whereas no correlation was seen with RECIST1.1. CONCLUSIONS: PERCIST1.0 appears to increase the chance of detecting patients with progressive disease compared to the conventional anatomical-based assessment of RECIST1.1. The integration of these additional radiographic metrics in assessing treatment response to nCR for pancreatic adenocarcinoma may provide a promising strategy to better select patients that are most suitable for therapeutic intensification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1104-1109
Number of pages6
JournalTranslational Oncology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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