Perspectives on Training Needs for Geriatric Mental Health Providers: Preparing to Serve a Diverse Older Adult Population

Jin Hui Joo, Daniel E. Jimenez, Jiayun Xu, Mijung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An increasingly diverse population of older adults requires a diverse workforce trained to address the problem of differential healthcare access and quality of care. This article describes specific areas of training focused on addressing health disparities based on ethnic differences. Culturally competent care by mental health providers, innovative models of mental health service delivery such as collaborative care, and expansion of the mental health workforce through integration of lay health workers into professional healthcare teams, offer potential solutions and require training. Cultural competency, defined as respect and responsiveness to diverse older adults' health beliefs, should be an integral part of clinical training in mental health. Clinicians can be trained in avoidance of stereotyping, communication and development of attitudes that convey cultural humility when caring for diverse older adults. Additionally, mental health clinicians can benefit from inter-professional education that moves beyond professional silos to facilitate learning about working collaboratively in interdisciplinary, team-based models of mental health care. Finally, familiarity with how lay health workers can be integrated into professional teams, and training to work and supervise them are needed. A growing and diversifying population of older adults and the emergence of innovative models of healthcare delivery present opportunities to alleviate mental health disparities that will require relevant training for the mental health workforce.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)728-736
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Training
  • cultural competency
  • geriatric
  • healthcare
  • mental health
  • paraprofessionals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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