Personalized Preventive Medicine: Genetics and the Response to Regular Exercise in Preventive Interventions

Claude Bouchard, Ligia M. Antunes-Correa, Euan A. Ashley, Nina Franklin, Paul M. Hwang, C. Mikael Mattsson, Carlos E. Negrao, Shane A. Phillips, Mark A. Sarzynski, Ping yuan Wang, Matthew T. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Regular exercise and a physically active lifestyle have favorable effects on health. Several issues related to this theme are addressed in this report. A comment on the requirements of personalized exercise medicine and in-depth biological profiling along with the opportunities that they offer is presented. This is followed by a brief overview of the evidence for the contributions of genetic differences to the ability to benefit from regular exercise. Subsequently, studies showing that mutations in TP53 influence exercise capacity in mice and humans are succinctly described. The evidence for effects of exercise on endothelial function in health and disease also is covered. Finally, changes in cardiac and skeletal muscle in response to exercise and their implications for patients with cardiac disease are summarized. Innovative research strategies are needed to define the molecular mechanisms involved in adaptation to exercise and to translate them into useful clinical and public health applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-346
Number of pages10
JournalProgress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Endothelium
  • Genetics
  • Individual differences
  • Mitochondria
  • Personalized medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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