Personality trait development from age 12 to age 18: Longitudinal, cross-sectional, and cross-cultural analyses

Robert R. McCrae, Paul Costa, Antonio Terracciano, Wayne D. Parker, Carol J. Mills, Filip De Fruyt, Ivan Mervielde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three studies were conducted to assess mean level changes in personality traits during adolescence. Versions of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (P. T. Costa, Jr., & R. R. McCrae, 1992a) were used to assess the 5 major personality factors. A 4-year longitudinal study of intellectually gifted students (N = 230) was supplemented by cross-sectional studies of nonselected American (N = 1,959) and Flemish (N = 789) adolescents. Personality factors were reasonably invariant across ages, although rank-order stability of individual differences was low. Neuroticism appeared to increase in girls, and Openness to Experience increased in both boys and girls; mean levels of Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness were stable. Results extend knowledge of the developmental curve of personality traits backward from adulthood and help bridge the gap with child temperament studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1456-1468
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume83
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Personality Development
personality traits
Personality
Cross-Sectional Studies
Personality Inventory
Temperament
neuroticism
cross-sectional study
Individuality
adulthood
adolescence
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
personality
Students
adolescent
experience
student

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Personality trait development from age 12 to age 18 : Longitudinal, cross-sectional, and cross-cultural analyses. / McCrae, Robert R.; Costa, Paul; Terracciano, Antonio; Parker, Wayne D.; Mills, Carol J.; De Fruyt, Filip; Mervielde, Ivan.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 83, No. 6, 12.2002, p. 1456-1468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCrae, Robert R. ; Costa, Paul ; Terracciano, Antonio ; Parker, Wayne D. ; Mills, Carol J. ; De Fruyt, Filip ; Mervielde, Ivan. / Personality trait development from age 12 to age 18 : Longitudinal, cross-sectional, and cross-cultural analyses. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2002 ; Vol. 83, No. 6. pp. 1456-1468.
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