Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality

Paul Costa, R. R. McCrae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Data from three normal samples were used to examine links between personality disorder scales and measures of the five-factor model of personality. In the first study, self-reports, spouse ratings, and peer ratings on the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI), a measure of the five basic factors of personality, were correlated with MMPI personality disorder scales in a sample of 297 adult volunteers. In the second study, self-reports on the NEO-PI were correlated with Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-I) scales in a sample of 207 adults; self-reports on the MCMI-II were examined in a sample of 62 students. Results generally replicated the findings of Wiggins and Pincus (1990), suggesting that the five-factor model encompasses dimensions of both normal and abnormal personality. Distinctions between the MMPI, MCMI-I, and MCMI-II scales are examined in light of the model, and suggestions are made for integrating traditional personality trait models with psychiatric conceptions of disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-371
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Volume4
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Personality Disorders
Personality
Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory
Self Report
Personality Inventory
MMPI
Spouses
Psychiatry
Volunteers
Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. / Costa, Paul; McCrae, R. R.

In: Journal of Personality Disorders, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1990, p. 362-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{48f75a2e7b4145b8a191a776965461ec,
title = "Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality",
abstract = "Data from three normal samples were used to examine links between personality disorder scales and measures of the five-factor model of personality. In the first study, self-reports, spouse ratings, and peer ratings on the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI), a measure of the five basic factors of personality, were correlated with MMPI personality disorder scales in a sample of 297 adult volunteers. In the second study, self-reports on the NEO-PI were correlated with Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-I) scales in a sample of 207 adults; self-reports on the MCMI-II were examined in a sample of 62 students. Results generally replicated the findings of Wiggins and Pincus (1990), suggesting that the five-factor model encompasses dimensions of both normal and abnormal personality. Distinctions between the MMPI, MCMI-I, and MCMI-II scales are examined in light of the model, and suggestions are made for integrating traditional personality trait models with psychiatric conceptions of disorder.",
author = "Paul Costa and McCrae, {R. R.}",
year = "1990",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
pages = "362--371",
journal = "Journal of Personality Disorders",
issn = "0885-579X",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality

AU - Costa, Paul

AU - McCrae, R. R.

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - Data from three normal samples were used to examine links between personality disorder scales and measures of the five-factor model of personality. In the first study, self-reports, spouse ratings, and peer ratings on the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI), a measure of the five basic factors of personality, were correlated with MMPI personality disorder scales in a sample of 297 adult volunteers. In the second study, self-reports on the NEO-PI were correlated with Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-I) scales in a sample of 207 adults; self-reports on the MCMI-II were examined in a sample of 62 students. Results generally replicated the findings of Wiggins and Pincus (1990), suggesting that the five-factor model encompasses dimensions of both normal and abnormal personality. Distinctions between the MMPI, MCMI-I, and MCMI-II scales are examined in light of the model, and suggestions are made for integrating traditional personality trait models with psychiatric conceptions of disorder.

AB - Data from three normal samples were used to examine links between personality disorder scales and measures of the five-factor model of personality. In the first study, self-reports, spouse ratings, and peer ratings on the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI), a measure of the five basic factors of personality, were correlated with MMPI personality disorder scales in a sample of 297 adult volunteers. In the second study, self-reports on the NEO-PI were correlated with Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-I) scales in a sample of 207 adults; self-reports on the MCMI-II were examined in a sample of 62 students. Results generally replicated the findings of Wiggins and Pincus (1990), suggesting that the five-factor model encompasses dimensions of both normal and abnormal personality. Distinctions between the MMPI, MCMI-I, and MCMI-II scales are examined in light of the model, and suggestions are made for integrating traditional personality trait models with psychiatric conceptions of disorder.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025641667&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025641667&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0025641667

VL - 4

SP - 362

EP - 371

JO - Journal of Personality Disorders

JF - Journal of Personality Disorders

SN - 0885-579X

IS - 4

ER -