Personality correlates of HIV stigmatization in Russia and the United States

Robert R. McCrae, Paul T. Costa, Thomas A. Martin, Valery E. Oryol, Ivan G. Senin, Conall O'Cleirigh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To determine whether stigmatizing attitudes towards HIV/AIDS are associated with personality traits, and whether these associations are generalizable across two cultures, we administered the English and the brief Russian version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory, a standardized measure of a comprehensive model of personality traits, together with items assessing HIV stigmatization. We hypothesized that stigmatization would be associated chiefly with low Openness to Experience. Self-reports and observer ratings of personality and self-reports of HIV attitudes were collected from volunteers recruited by research assistants. HIV stigmatization was more pronounced in Russia than in the United States, but it was similarly related to personality traits, chiefly low Openness to Experience, a variable associated with other forms of prejudice, and low Agreeableness, suggesting a lack of altruism and sympathy. HIV stigmatization is especially likely to be a problem with people, and in cultures, low in Openness to Experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)190-196
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural comparisons
  • Openness to Experience
  • Personality
  • Stigmatization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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