Personality and anxiety disorders

Mina Brandes, O. Joseph Bienvenu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Personality traits and most anxiety disorders are strongly related. In this article, we review existing evidence for ways in which personality traits may relate to anxiety disorders: 1) as predisposing factors, 2) as consequences, 3) as results of common etiologies, and 4) as pathoplastic factors. Based on current information, we conclude the following: 1) Personality traits such as high neuroticism, low extraversion, and personality disorder traits (particularly those from Cluster C) are at least markers of risk for certain anxiety disorders; 2) Remission from panic disorder is generally associated with partial "normalization" of personality traits; 3) Anxiety disorders in early life may influence personality development; 4) Anxiety disorders and personality traits are usefully thought of as spectra of common genetic etiologies; and 5) Extremes of personality traits indicate greater dysfunction in patients with anxiety disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-269
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent psychiatry reports
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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