Personality and anxiety disorders

Mina Brandes, O. Joseph Bienvenu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Personality traits and most anxiety disorders are strongly related. In this article, we review existing evidence for ways in which personality traits may relate to anxiety disorders: 1) as predisposing factors, 2) as consequences, 3) as results of common etiologies, and 4) as pathoplastic factors. Based on current information, we conclude the following: 1) Personality traits such as high neuroticism, low extraversion, and personality disorder traits (particularly those from Cluster C) are at least markers of risk for certain anxiety disorders; 2) Remission from panic disorder is generally associated with partial "normalization" of personality traits; 3) Anxiety disorders in early life may influence personality development; 4) Anxiety disorders and personality traits are usefully thought of as spectra of common genetic etiologies; and 5) Extremes of personality traits indicate greater dysfunction in patients with anxiety disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-269
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent psychiatry reports
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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