Personal trauma among healthcare providers: implications for screening practices

Conisha Cooper, Jenell Coleman, Nathan Irvin, Amy Lee, Denis Antoine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Screening rates for trauma are low in health care settings. We examined the association between health care providers’ (HCPs) experience of physical or sexual trauma and their screening of female patients for trauma. HCPs at an urban academic medical institution were surveyed from September through November 2016. The Brief Trauma (BTQ) and Sexual and Physical Abuse History Questionnaires (SPAHQ) assessed their own experiences of trauma. The Screening Practices Questionnaire (SPQ) assessed HCPs trauma screening. Multiple regression analyses were performed. Among 212 respondents aged 22–67 years, most were female (78.3%) and white (76.1%). Nurses (41.0%) were the largest occupational group. Overall, 85.8% reported having experienced trauma. No significant difference was observed in median SPQ scores between HCPs who had experienced trauma (3.88 [Interquartile Range (IQR) 3.44–4.31]) and those who had not (4.00 [IQR 3.47–4.33], p = .645). In an adjusted model, screening policy awareness and having an obstetrics & gynecology or psychiatry specialty were associated with higher SPQ scores (p < .001). The prevalence of trauma experience in this sample was high, but not associated with screening. Screening policy awareness and practice specialty were associated with screening. HCP factors associated with greater trauma screening should be explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWomen and Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Abuse
  • intimate partner violence
  • mental health
  • psychosocial
  • reproductive health
  • screening
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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