Personal growth and its correlates during residency training

Scott Wright, Rachel Levine, Brent Beasley, Paul Haidet, Todd W. Gress, Suzanne Caccamese, Donald Brady, Ajay Marwaha, David E Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of and factors associated with personal growth during residency training. METHODS: In 2003, 359 house officers on 7 internal medicine residency training programmes in the USA were surveyed about their training experiences and issues related to their personal growth. Factor analysis and internal reliability testing were used to develop a 'personal growth scale'. Logistic regression models were then used to identify independent associations between individual variables and 'high' versus 'low' personal growth scores. RESULTS: A total of 281 house officers (80%) responded. The personal growth scale had a Cronbach's alpha of 0.81. Factors that were independently associated with achieving high amounts of personal growth during residency training included: agreeing that reflection is important during residency training (odds ratio [OR] 2.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1-7.4); being male (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.4-4.5); being non-white (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.9); having a strong desire to develop personally and professionally (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.1-4.1), and feeling highly supported by one's programme director (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.9). Independent predictors of scoring below the median on the personal growth scale included feeling emotionally isolated at work (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.7) and noting that negative or disappointing experiences had been powerful (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Disparate amounts of personal growth occur among trainees during residency training. Residency programmes interested in promoting personal growth among their trainees may wish to focus on modifiable factors that are associated with personal growth, such as fostering supportive relationships and encouraging reflection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-745
Number of pages9
JournalMedical Education
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

Fingerprint

Internship and Residency
confidence
Odds Ratio
Growth
Confidence Intervals
trainee
Emotions
Logistic Models
Foster Home Care
Internal Medicine
Statistical Factor Analysis
director
training program
factor analysis
experience
logistics
medicine
Education
regression

Keywords

  • *Staff development
  • Cross-sectional studies
  • Education, medical, undergraduate/*organisation & administration
  • Internship and residency/ *organisation & administration
  • Multicentre study [publication type]
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Personal growth and its correlates during residency training. / Wright, Scott; Levine, Rachel; Beasley, Brent; Haidet, Paul; Gress, Todd W.; Caccamese, Suzanne; Brady, Donald; Marwaha, Ajay; Kern, David E.

In: Medical Education, Vol. 40, No. 8, 08.2006, p. 737-745.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wright, S, Levine, R, Beasley, B, Haidet, P, Gress, TW, Caccamese, S, Brady, D, Marwaha, A & Kern, DE 2006, 'Personal growth and its correlates during residency training', Medical Education, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 737-745. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2006.02499.x
Wright, Scott ; Levine, Rachel ; Beasley, Brent ; Haidet, Paul ; Gress, Todd W. ; Caccamese, Suzanne ; Brady, Donald ; Marwaha, Ajay ; Kern, David E. / Personal growth and its correlates during residency training. In: Medical Education. 2006 ; Vol. 40, No. 8. pp. 737-745.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of and factors associated with personal growth during residency training. METHODS: In 2003, 359 house officers on 7 internal medicine residency training programmes in the USA were surveyed about their training experiences and issues related to their personal growth. Factor analysis and internal reliability testing were used to develop a 'personal growth scale'. Logistic regression models were then used to identify independent associations between individual variables and 'high' versus 'low' personal growth scores. RESULTS: A total of 281 house officers (80{\%}) responded. The personal growth scale had a Cronbach's alpha of 0.81. Factors that were independently associated with achieving high amounts of personal growth during residency training included: agreeing that reflection is important during residency training (odds ratio [OR] 2.9, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] 1.1-7.4); being male (OR 2.6, 95{\%} CI 1.4-4.5); being non-white (OR 2.2, 95{\%} CI 1.3-3.9); having a strong desire to develop personally and professionally (OR 2.2, 95{\%} CI 1.1-4.1), and feeling highly supported by one's programme director (OR 2.1, 95{\%} CI 1.2-3.9). Independent predictors of scoring below the median on the personal growth scale included feeling emotionally isolated at work (OR 0.4, 95{\%} CI 0.2-0.7) and noting that negative or disappointing experiences had been powerful (OR 0.4, 95{\%} CI 0.2-0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Disparate amounts of personal growth occur among trainees during residency training. Residency programmes interested in promoting personal growth among their trainees may wish to focus on modifiable factors that are associated with personal growth, such as fostering supportive relationships and encouraging reflection.",
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AU - Brady, Donald

AU - Marwaha, Ajay

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AB - OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of and factors associated with personal growth during residency training. METHODS: In 2003, 359 house officers on 7 internal medicine residency training programmes in the USA were surveyed about their training experiences and issues related to their personal growth. Factor analysis and internal reliability testing were used to develop a 'personal growth scale'. Logistic regression models were then used to identify independent associations between individual variables and 'high' versus 'low' personal growth scores. RESULTS: A total of 281 house officers (80%) responded. The personal growth scale had a Cronbach's alpha of 0.81. Factors that were independently associated with achieving high amounts of personal growth during residency training included: agreeing that reflection is important during residency training (odds ratio [OR] 2.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1-7.4); being male (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.4-4.5); being non-white (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.9); having a strong desire to develop personally and professionally (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.1-4.1), and feeling highly supported by one's programme director (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.9). Independent predictors of scoring below the median on the personal growth scale included feeling emotionally isolated at work (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.7) and noting that negative or disappointing experiences had been powerful (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Disparate amounts of personal growth occur among trainees during residency training. Residency programmes interested in promoting personal growth among their trainees may wish to focus on modifiable factors that are associated with personal growth, such as fostering supportive relationships and encouraging reflection.

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