Personal characteristics and depression-related attitudes of older adults and participation in stages in stages of implementation of a multi-site effectiveness trial (PRISM-E)

Marsha N. Wittink, David Oslin, Kathryn A. Knott, James C. Coyne, Joseph J Gallo, Cynthia Zubritsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: No study has assessed attitudes about depression and its treatment and participation at each step of recruitment and implementation of an effectiveness trial. Our purpose was to determine the association between personal characteristics and attitudes of older adults about depression with participation at each step of the Primary Care Research in Substance Abuse and Mental Health for the Elderly (PRISM-E) treatment effectiveness trial. Methods: Information on personal characteristics and attitudes regarding depression and its treatment were obtained from all potential participants in PRISM-E. Results: Persons who reported better social support were more likely to complete a baseline interview, but were less likely to meet with the mental health professional carrying out the intervention. Attitudes about taking medicines were significantly associated with uptake of the intervention, but not with earlier phases of recruitment. Persons were much more likely to have a visit with the mental health professional for treatment of depression if they were willing to take medicine for depression but did not endorse waiting for the depression to get better [odds ratio (OR) = 3.16, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.48-6.75], working it out on one's own (OR = 5.18, 95% CI = 1.69-15.85), or talking to a minister, priest, or rabbi (OR = 2.01, 95% CI = 1.02-3.96). Conclusion: Social support and other personal characteristics may be the most appropriate for tailoring recruitment strategies, but later steps in the recruitment and implementation may require more attention to specific attitudes towards antidepressant medications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)927-937
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes



  • Aged
  • Attitudes
  • Depression
  • Health Knowledge
  • Patient participation
  • Practice
  • Primary health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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