Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence Among Men Living with HIV in Northern Vietnam

Rebecca B. Hershow, Tran Viet Ha, Teerada Sripaipan, Carl Latkin, Heidi E. Hutton, Geetanjali Chander, Quynh Bui, Vu Quang Nguyen, Constantine Frangakis, Vivian F. Go

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We examined the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and characteristics of HIV-infected male perpetrators. The cross-sectional study was conducted in Vietnam with male antiretroviral treatment clients (N = 1099; mean age = 40.2 years). Bivariable associations were tested between psychological or physical/sexual IPV perpetration in the last 12 months and sociodemographic, psychosocial, and sexual behavioral factors using prevalence ratios. Factors significant at p < 0.10 were entered in multivariable models for each IPV outcome using a modified Poisson approach. Results showed 15.6% (N = 171/1099) reported perpetrating psychological IPV and 7.6% (N = 84/1099) perpetrating physical/sexual IPV in the last 12 months. HIV risk behaviors, including hazardous drinking and multiple sexual partners, having witnessed interparental violence as a child, and depressive symptoms were associated with perpetrating IPV. HIV interventions targeting HIV-infected men in Vietnam should intervene on IPV perpetration by addressing the co-occurring factors of sexual risk, depression, alcohol use, and child maltreatment that are correlated with IPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2555-2571
Number of pages17
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020


  • Global health
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Vietnam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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