Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α activation of CYP7A1 during food restriction and diabetes is still inhibited by small heterodimer partner

Dong Ju Shin, Timothy F. Osborne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the classic pathway of hepatic bile acid biosynthesis from cholesterol. During fasting and in type I diabetes, elevated levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) induce expression of the Cyp7A1 gene and overexpression of PGC-1α in hepatoma cells stimulates bile acid synthesis. Using Ad-PGC-1α-RNA interference to induce acute disruption of PGC-1α in mice, here we show that PGC-1α is necessary for fasting-mediated induction of CYP7A1. Co-immunoprecipitation and promoter activation studies reveal that the induction of CYP7A1 is mediated by direct interaction between PGC-1α and the AF2 domain of liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1). In contrast, the very similar PGC-1β could not substitute for PGC-1α. We also show that transactivation of PGC-1α and LRH-1 is repressed by the small heterodimer partner (SHP). Treatment of mice with GW4064, a synthetic agonist for farnesoid X receptor, induced SHP expression and decreased both the recruitment of PGC-1α to the Cyp7A1 promoter and the fasting-induced expression of CYP7A1 mRNA. These data suggest that PGC-1α is an important co-activator for LRH-1 and that SHP targets the interaction between LRH-1 and PGC-1α to inhibit CYP7A1 expression. Overall, these studies provide further evidence for the important role of PGC-1α in bile acid homeostasis and suggest that pharmacological targeting of farnesoid X receptor in vivo can be used to reverse the increase in CYP7A1 associated with adverse metabolic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15089-15096
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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