Peripherally inserted central catheters: A randomized, controlled, prospective trial in pediatric surgical patients

Deborah A. Schwengel, John McGready, Sean M. Berenholtz, Lori J. Kozlowski, David G. Nichols, Myron Yaster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Peripherally-inserted central catheters (PICCs) are long-term IV catheters used for drug and fluid administration, blood sampling, or hyperalimentation. The short-term use of PICCs in postoperative patients has not been studied. In this randomized, controlled trial, patients received either a PICC or peripheral IV catheter (PIV). Our outcome measures were patient and parent satisfaction with care, complications of the venous access devices, number of postoperative venipunctures, and cost-effectiveness of use. Satisfaction was significantly more frequent in the PICC group (P < 0.05), and there were significantly fewer postoperative needle punctures in the PICC group compared with the PIV group (P < 0.05). Minor complications were common in the PIV group; major complications were uncommon in both groups. PICCs are more expensive, but better satisfaction can make them a cost-effective option. Additionally, insertion during surgical preparation time in the operating room (OR) means that cost is not increased by adding anesthesiologist and OR time. Anesthesiologists should consider placing PICCs in patients requiring more than 4 days of in-hospital postoperative care, especially if frequent blood sampling or IV access is required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1038-1043
Number of pages6
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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