Peripheral nerve grafts exert trophic and tropic effects on anterior thalamic neurons

Richard E. Clatterbuck, Donald L. Price, Vassilis E. Koliatsos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Peripheral nerve grafting into the central nervous system (CNS) has been used to study the regenerative capabilities of central neurons given access to a peripheral nervous system (PNS) environment. It is well documented that many CNS neurons regenerate axons along peripheral nerve grafts placed in close proximity to their cell bodies and that these grafts can ameliorate axotomy-induced retrograde degeneration. In the present study, we placed peripheral nerve grafts in proximity to axotomized neurons of the anterior thalamus. Standard histological and retrograde tracing techniques were used to examine these preparations 2 months after grafting. Three effects of these grafts were observed: amelioration of retrograde degeneration of axotomized anterior thalamic neurons, hypertrophy of many thalamic neurons in the local environment of the graft, and ingrowth of axons of axotomized anterior thalamic neurons as well as nonaxotomized neurons from surrounding nuclei. We conclude from these studies that peripheral nerve grafts not only provide a matrix for axonal outgrowth but also exert marked trophic and tropic effects on axotomized anterior thalamic neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-26
Number of pages10
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1998

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Keywords

  • Axotomy
  • Central nervous system
  • Degeneration
  • Regeneration
  • Trophic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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