Peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization and transplantation (PSCT) in patients with malignant lymphomas and solid tumors

D. J. Richel, E. Van der Wall, J. Slaper, E. Van der Schoot, S. Rodenhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Peripheral blood stem cells can reconstitute bone marrow function after high-dose chemo-/radiotherapy. We describe 44 patients related with a three- day course of chemotherapy, for hematopoietic stem cell mobilization, consisting of cyclophosphamide or ifosfamide and etoposide (malignant lymphoma and germ cell tumor) or a one-day course of 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (breast cancer), followed by the administration of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G- CSF). Maximum numbers peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) were recruited on day 9-10 of the G-CSF administration. The total number of PBSC cells harvested with median 3.6 leukaphereses was 46 x 104/kg (7.5-136) CFU-GM or 8 x 106/kg (0.7-25.0) CD34+ cells for patients with solid tumors and 26 (4.5-258) CFU-GM's or 6.1 (1-0-39.2) CD34+ cells for patients with malignant lymphomas. Thirty-five patients with malignant lymphomas or solid tumours received high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow and PBSC infusion (n=8) or PBSC cell infusion alone (n=27). The recovery of granulocytes, platelets and reticulocytes after peripheral stem cell transplantation (- PSCT) in addition to or instead of bone marrow, was markedly accelerated compared with the infusion of BM alone. The accelerated haemopoietic recovery was associated with a reduction in platelet and red blood cell transfusion, reduction in fever periods and earlier discharge from hospital. PSCT is an important alternative to autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT). This transplantation technique may also allows application of multiple-cycle intensive chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-75
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume16
Issue numberSUPPL. 5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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