Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) arises from somatic mutation of a bone marrow progenitor that disrupts glycosylinositol phospholipid (GPI) anchoring of cell surface proteins. We recently characterized the expression of GPI-anchored decay accelerating factor (DAF) and CD59 during hematopoietic development in PNH marrow. We found that, although a subset of early hematopoietic precursors identified by the CD34+CD38- phenotype exhibits normal DAF and CD59 expression. DAF and CD59 are absent on the majority of CD34+CD38- cells. Pluripotent CD34+CD38- hematopoietic stem cells normally circulate in the peripheral blood end can be collected by apheresis, cryopreserved, and later used for reconstitution of hematopoiesis. In this study, we examined the phenotypes of CD34+ cells that are released into the blood of PNH patients. Analyses of apheresis samples from three affected individuals showed discrete populations of circulating DAF+CD59+CD34+ and DAF-CD59-CD34+ cells. Variable proportions of CD34+CD38- cells were present within the peripheral blood CD34+ cells of each patient, but in all three cases the DAF+CD59+CD34+CD38- cell subset was enriched relative to the DAF-CD59-CD34+CD38- cell subset. Because CD34+ cells lacking CD38 antigen are highly enriched for self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells, these findings indicate that apheresis samples can serve as a source of unaffected stem cells for autologous marrow transplantation of PNH patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology