Objective: To examine the effects of perioperative rhG-CSF administration on immune function in patients subjected to major surgery. Summary Background Data: Severe trauma, such as major surgery, initiates acute immunodysfunction which predisposes the patient towards infectious complications. Methods: Sixty patients undergoing elective surgery received either recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor/rh G-CSF (Filgrastim) or a placebo perioperatively. At several time points before and after the surgical intervention immunofunctional parameters were assessed. Results: Leukocyte counts and serum levels of anti-inflammatory mediators (IL-1ra and TNF-R) were increased in Filgrastim-treated patients, while the post-operative acute phase response was attenuated. Monocyte deactivation (reduced TNF-α release and HLA-DR expression) and lymphocyte anergy (impaired mitogenic proliferation and reduced TH1 lymphokine release) were blunted and the incidence and severity of infectious complications were reduced. Conclusions: These results suggest that Filgrastim treatment reinforces innate immunity, enabling better prevention of infection. Thus, this unique combination of hematopoietic, anti-inflammatory and anti-infectious effects on the innate immune system warrants further study of clinical efficacy and sepsis prophylaxis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Annals of surgery|
|State||Published - Jan 2004|
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